Visualizing the clinical trial data is becoming more common and various plots can be drawn to visualize the data. In previous posts, we discussed various types of plots that can be used in describing the clinical trial data.
- Graphic Presentation: Kaplan-Meier Plot, Q-Q plot, Box Plot, Funnel Plot, Swimmer Plot, Forest Plot, Spaghetti Plot, Bubble Plot
- Waterfall plot(s) to display the results in oncology and non-oncology clinical trial
A Venn diagram is a widely-used diagram style that shows the logical relation between sets, popularized by John Venn in the 1880s. The diagrams are used to teach elementary set theory, and to illustrate simple set relationships in probability, logic, statistics, linguistics and computer science. A Venn diagram uses simple closed curves drawn on a plane to represent sets. Very often, these curves are circles or ellipses.
Venn diagrams where introduced in 1883 by John Venn (1834-1923), the Hull born philosopher and mathematician. They are a great way to visualize elements that are unique to only one group and simultaneously visualize elements that intersect with other groups. They are symmetrical by nature and the number of groups in a Venn diagram = 2n (including the group outside the diagram).
In a paper by Gattepaille et al"Prospective Evaluation of Adverse Event Recognition Systems in Twitter: Results from the Web‑RADR Project", the Venn diagram was used to summarize the relationship of the recall performance results of the first two components, the relevance filter, and the NER module.
In a paper by Xie et al "Differential Adverse Event Profiles Associated with BCG as a Preventive Tuberculosis Vaccine or Therapeutic Bladder Cancer Vaccine Identified by Comparative Ontology-Based VAERS and Literature Meta-Analysis", Venn diagram was used to compare four groups of the AEs associated with BCG TB vaccine or bladder cancer vaccine using VAERS and literature resources.